Lesson Plan One (Student Resources)

Collective Bargaining


Collective bargaining is one of the pillars of the many laws passed in America beginning in the 1930’s to give workers more rights on the job and to establish clear understandings between workers and management as to the day-to-day running of the workplace. The skills required include how to negotiate and make a deal, understanding when to stand firm and when to compromise, and are valuable skills in all aspects of our lives.


Collective Bargaining is the process of negotiations between employers, supervisors, and representatives of workers, like a union. Negotiations usually cover issues including wages, working hours, working conditions, safety, and benefits (such as health care, overtime, paid holidays, sick leave and maternity leave).
A Union is an organization of workers, with elected officials, that represents them at their place of work.
A Negotiator is someone who tries to reach an agreement with those representing a different point of view, usually on behalf of other people.
A Strike is when employees shut down a place of work by walking out. It is considered by many to be the workers’ ultimate threat.
A Lock Out is when management closes down the place of work.  This can be considered the bosses’ ultimate threat, especially when there are “scabs,” workers willing to replace strikers.